bhagavad gita chapter 2 in english

Reasoning is destroyed when the mind is bewildered. Lord Krishna and Lord Buddha both disapproved the misuse of Vedic rituals, not the ritu­als as such. By doing your duty this way, you will not incur any sin. Please tell me what is better for me. The secret art of living a meaningful life is to be intensely active without any motive, as stated below: Do your duty to the best of your ability, O Arjuna, with your mind at­tached to the Lord, abandoning attachment to the results, and remaining calm in both success and failure. The boundary of one’s jurisdiction ends with the completion of duty; it never crosses the garden of fruit. Bhagavad Gita contains spiritual gems of incalculable value. This verse means that we should not expect only favorable results of our choices and should accept all results as Prasada (Grace) from God. (See also 6.03-04) (2.48). Therefore, one should learn to endure them bravely. The affairs of the world would not run if all were given the power to choose the results of their ac­tions or to satisfy all their desires. The wise always keep vigilance over the mind. BHAGAVAD-GITA 2.13 dehino 'smin yathä dehe kaumäraà yauvanaà jarä tathä dehäntara-präptir dhéras tatra na muhyati TRANSLATION As the embodied soul continuously passes, in this body, from boyhood to youth to old age, the soul similarly passes into another body at death. Dharma and selfishness cannot stay together. Rise above these three modes, be ever Self-conscious and free from the tyranny of pairs of opposites. It does not come into being nor cease to exist. According to Shankara, this verse means one who has completely removed the veil of ignorance and realized the Truth, becomes indiffer­ent to the Vedic texts that prescribe details of performing rituals for the attainment of desired fruits. Reflecting like this, one must learn to tolerate the blows of time with patience and learn not only to endure, but also to expect, welcome, and enjoy both the joys as well as the sorrows of life. (2.66), The mind, when controlled by the roving senses, steals away the intellect as a storm takes away a boat on the sea from its destination---the spiri­tual shore of peace and happiness. Life is a con­tinuous battle between the forces of evil and goodness. Once the goal is reached, they have served their purpose. A portion of the Vedas deals with three modes---goodness, passion, and ignorance---of material Nature. Sanjay said: Seeing Arjun overwhelmed with pity, his mind grief-stricken, and his eyes full of tears, Shree Krishna spoke the following words. But the scriptures also say that anyone who is engaged in abominable activities or supports misdeeds against you or others, is no longer to be respected, but punished. The other is the material compassion that we feel upon seeing the bodily distress of others. To satisfy a desire is like drinking salt water that will never quench thirst, but will increase it. Even the joy of going to heaven is followed by the sorrow of coming back to the earth; therefore, worldly objects should not be the main goal of human life. One is considered awake when one is free from worldly de­sires (TR 2.92.02). Therefore, the scriptures suggest one should not mourn, but pray for several days after the person’s death for salvation of the departed soul. Bhagavad Gita - The Song of God, by Swami Mukundananda. The right outlook on life develops when we fully understand that we have the ability to put our best effort into all endeavors, but we cannot pick the results of our work. (2.52). Like, after casting off worn-out clothes, new clothes are worn, consider this body as same. But he cannot expect a harvest if he does not work his land. Here you can find the text of Bhagvad Gita Chapter 2 in English. Ved Vyas had been given divine vision through which he composed all the Vedas, Puranas and Bhagavad Gita. One is the divine compassion that God and the saints feel toward the souls in the material realm, on seeing their suffering in separation to God. The Science of the Living Entity 3. NOTE 2: Beginners should not become lost in the jungle of historic proper nouns, or the names of the characters of Mahabharata in this chapter and the Sanskrit names of various celestial controlling forces (Devas) in Chapter 10 of the Bhagavad-Gita. Generally, it is thought that one works harder when one is deeply interested in, or attached to, the fruits of work. (2.67). Self-realization is to know one’s relationship with the Supreme Lord and His true transcendental nature. It is unborn, eternal, permanent, and pri­me­val. To describe Arjun’s feelings, Sanjay uses the word kṛipayā, meaning pity or compassion. The gates of heaven open wide for those who stand up to vindicate justice and righteousness (Dharma). Share. (2.42), They are dominated by material desires and consider the attainment of heaven as the highest goal of life. Dedicated selfless service for a greater cause leads to everlasting peace and happiness here and hereafter. Death is like a rest area where the individual soul changes vehicles and the journey continues. It is like trying to extinguish a fire with gasoline. is also found in Srimad Bhagavad Gita. Those who have greatly esteemed you will lose respect for you. What could be more painful to you than this? Read Summary of Chapter 11 of Bhagavad Gita. This compassion is of two kinds. (2.38). The Bhagavad Gita - In the Light of Sri Aurobindo. It is disgraceful, and it does not lead one to heaven, O Arjuna. Pain and pleasure, birth and death, loss and gain, union and separation are inevitable, being under the control of one’s past deeds or Karma, like the coming of day and night. I am Your disciple, and I take refuge in You. You are entitled to perform your respective duty only, but have no control or claim over the results. (2.06), Arjuna was unable to decide what to do. Acting only in one’s own self-interest is sinful. Atma is also called ‘Jivatma’ or ‘Jiva’, which is the ultimate source of all individual selves. The grace of God can make the mind go towards higher objects, just as the sun’s rays lift the water to the sky. Summary Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2, Verse 26-30, it is said that the soul does not die even when the body is lost (death), because God lives with it in invisible form. People meet and depart in this world as two pieces of wood flowing down the river come together and then separate from each other (MB 12.174.15). Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 Verse 22 भगवद् गीता अध्याय 2 श्लोक 22. One falls down from the right path when reasoning is destroyed. Bhagavad Gita - Chapter 2 - Sankhya Yoga - The Yoga of Analysis . Attaining this state, one is no longer deluded. (2.59). This is the most important chapter of the Bhagavad Gita as Lord Krishna condenses the teachings of the entire Gita in this chapter. Only then will you be able to collect its spiritual pearls and comprehend its infinitely profound and subtle teachings. The reader will find here: TEXT OF THE GĪTĀ prepared verse by verse: in analysis – the verse rendered into a prose according to the Sanskrit syntax, detailed analysis of each word and textual variants from different manuscripts; Therefore, be a selfless worker, O Arjuna. There is no religion better than selfless service. Therefore, get up with a determination to fight, O Arjuna. No one can perform action without expecting some result. This compassion is of two kinds. This is not fit for a person of noble mind and deeds. The Absolute is the substratum, or material as well as efficient cause of the universe. All are sleeping in the night of delusion and ignorance and while asleep they see all kinds of dreams and one does not even know that its a dream world. Dedication. Nothing can hurt one if the mind can be trained to with stand the impulse of the pairs of opposites---joys and sorrows, pains and pleasures, loss and gain. But one’s happiness or sorrow does not end till one wakes up. This would mean that Lord Krishna should not expect Arjuna to understand and follow His teachings! The Science of God 2. सञ्जय उवाच |तं तथा कृपयाविष्टमश्रुपूर्णाकुलेक्षणम् |विषीदन्तमिदं वाक्यमुवाच मधुसूदन: || 1||, sañjaya uvāchataṁ tathā kṛipayāviṣhṭamaśhru pūrṇākulekṣhaṇamviṣhīdantamidaṁ vākyam uvācha madhusūdanaḥ. Some look upon this Spirit as a wonder, another describes it as won­der­ful, and others hear of it as a wonder. (2.39), No effort is ever lost in selfless service, and there is no adverse effect. A brief intro. Equanimity of mind is called KarmaYoga (because equanimity leads to union with God). Rituals have played a great role in spiritual life, but they have been greatly abused. As we saw in the previous blog, Pramanams are the ways to find the truth or establish the truth. Mukti means the complete destruction of all impressions of desires from the causal body. The desire for sensual pleasures fades away if one abstains from sense enjoyment, but the craving for sense enjoyment remains in a very subtle form. Working to the best of one’s abili­ties without becoming attached to the fruits of work is called KarmaYoga or Seva. and now the last leg of Samkya philosophy which is called Triguna. Knowledge is not a natural quality (Dharma) of the Absolute; it is the intrinsic nature of the Absolute (DB 7.32.19). We have used the English words: Self, Spirit, spirit, soul, or individual soul interchangeably for different aspects of Atma (or Sat). A sober person is not bewildered by such a change. The answers to all of the above questions are given by Lord Krishna in verses 2.55-59 of this chapter. The word ‘yoga’ has also been defined in the following verses of the Gita: 2.50, 2.53, 6.04, 6.08, 6.19, 6.23, 6.29, 6.31, 6.32, and 6.47. (2.15). (2.56), The mind and intellect become steady in a person who is not attached to anything (but Self), who is neither elated by get­ting desired results nor perturbed by undesired results. A scripture is like a finite pond that derives its water from the infinite ocean of Truth. While most people sleep and make dream plans in the night of the illusory world, a yogi keeps awake because he or she is detached from the world while living in it. Mind which is the other name of Maya creates this phenomenal world of illusion out of Brahman. One who has realized the Supreme Being will not desire the attainment of heaven mentioned as the fruits of performing Vedic rituals. (Spirit or Atma is beyond time and space.) A person is called an enlightened sage of steady intellect whose mind is unperturbed by adversity, who does not crave pleasures, and who is completely free from attachment, fear, and anger. Work done with selfish motives is inferior by far to selfless service. All schools and cults are necessary. (2.41), The ignorant ones who delight in the melodious chanting of the Vedas---without understanding the real purpose of the Vedas---think, O Arjuna, there is nothing else in the Vedas except the rituals for the sole purpose of obtaining heavenly enjoyment. (2.51), When your intellect shall completely overcome the mire of delusion (regarding Self and non-Self), then you will become indifferent to what has been heard and what is yet to be heard (from the scriptures). Einstein said: Opportunity lies in the middle of difficulties. It is the eternal relationship between the creator and His creatures. Bhagavad Gita, also known as the Gita - "The Song of God" is a practical guide to one's life that guides one to re-organise their life, achieve inner peace and approach the Supreme (the Ultimate Reality). Even a lit­tle practice of this discipline protects one from great fear of birth and death. To the honorable, dishonor is worse than death. Mother Sarda said: It is the very nature of the mind to go to lower objects of enjoyment, just as it is the nature of water to flow downwards. The universe is a playground designed by God for the living entities. Scriptures, such as the Vedas, are necessary means, but not the end. 1. There would be no opportunities if there were no problems. The fact that Arjun is overcome by grief and despair shows that he is himself in dire need of compassion. One cannot see one’s face in a pot of water that is dis­turbed by the wind, similarly one is unable to realize one’s true Self when the mind and senses remain perturbed by the winds of material desires (MB 12.204.03). Therefore, strive for selfless service. Trying to fulfill material desires is like adding more wood to the fire. Real peace and happiness are achieved, not by sense gratification, but by sense control. (2.34) The great warriors will think that you have retreated from the battle out of fear. (2.01), Lord Krishna said: How has the dejection come to you at this juncture? The wise should wholeheartedly welcome pleasure and pain, joy and sorrow, without becoming discouraged (MB 12.174.39). We should not even wish to live after killing our cousin brothers who are standing in front of us. Such is the delusive power of Maya! The wise, who know that the body is mor­tal and the Spirit is immortal, have nothing to moan about (KaU 2.22). Such per­sons enjoy the joy of selfless service that ultimately leads them to the bliss of salvation. He is sport­ing in various forms. Bhagavad Gita - Chapter 1 (Part-2) - Yoga of the Despondency of Arjuna Bhagavad Gita- Chapter 2 (Part-1) Saankhya Yogah- Yoga Of Knowledge Bhagavad Gita- Chapter 2 (Part-2) Saankhya Yogah- … The topics of the Bhagavad-Gita are as follows: 1. In trance, or the superconscious state of mind, the confusion arising from conflicting views ceases, and mental equipoise is attained. Harry Bhalla says: A farmer has control over how he works his land, yet no control over the harvest. The scripture says: One should not commit violence towards anyone. Stress is produced when fruit or goal becomes more important than the work itself due to ego. The unreal (Asat, body, creation) has a temporary (or Mithya) existence and the real (Sat, Atma) always exists. Gita - Chapter 2 - An Introduction - Pramanams Gita - Chapter 2 - An Introduction - Pramanams. The game cannot continue if the pairs of opposites are altogether eliminated. Whosoever helps and supports an aggressor is also an aggressor. A person should work without any mo­tive as a matter of duty for a greater cause of helping human­ity rather than just helping oneself, one's children, or a few individuals. The material body or the world is unreal and transitory; it undergoes changes, and the soul is real. The myopia of short-term, personal gain, caused by ignorance of metaphysics, is the root of all evils in society and the world. Introduction. There is no sin in killing an aggressor. This is called Prasada Buddhi, BuddhiYoga, KarmaYoga and surrendering to His Will. Find your way in the darkness of the night of ad­versity with the torch of the scriptures and faith in God. (2.31), Only the fortunate warriors, O Arjuna, get such an opportunity for a righteous war against evil that is like an open door to heaven. It is said that expert guidance of a guru, the spiritual counselor, should be sought during a moment of cri­sis or to overcome the perplexities of life. It is the only scripture that can be called the word of God in person. There was never a time when these monarchs, you, or I did not exist, nor shall we ever cease to exist in the future. ... Bhagavad Gita in English . (2.30), Considering also your duty as a warrior, you should not waver because there is nothing more auspicious for a warrior than a righteous war. The Spirit is not destroyed when the body is destroyed. A collection of spiritual and devotional literature in various Indian languages in Sanskrit, Samskrutam, Hindia, Telugu, Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam, Gujarati, Bengali, Oriya, English scripts with pdf (2.70) Torrents of the river of desire can carry away the mind of a materialistic person as a river carries away wood and other objects in its path. O Arjuna, this is the superconscious state of mind. (2.45), To the enlightened person, who has realized the true nature of the Self within, the Vedas become as useful as a small reservoir of water when the water of a huge lake becomes available. (2.37), Treating pleasure and pain, gain and loss, and victory and defeat alike, en­gage yourself in the battle. The giver of bliss is nothing but the bliss itself like the giver of wealth must have wealth. (2.44). The welfare of the individual lies in the welfare of society. Greed for the pleasure of enjoying the light leads bugs to destruction; similarly desire for the enjoyment of sensual pleasures keeps one away from Self-knowledge and leads into the net of transmigration (MB 3.02.69). Not to oppose an evil is to indirectly support it. One who knows the Truth does not let the shadow of personal gain fall on the path of duty. Just as a caterpillar takes hold of another object before leaving an object, similarly the living entity (or soul) obtains a new body before or after leaving the old one (BrU 4.4.03). (2.54) The answers to all of the above questions are given by Lord Krishna in verses 2.55-59 of this chapter. The subtle craving lurks like a robber ready to rob the striver at the appropriate opportunity, as explained below: Restless senses, O Arjuna, forcibly carry away the mind of even a wise person striving for perfection. The word ‘Salvation’ in Christianity means deliverance from the power and penalty of sin. This key verse of the Gita has confused some commentators and common people who interpret it to mean that one should work without expecting a fruit. The main characters in Bhagavad Gita … It can mislead even a wise striving seeker (BP 5.06.02-05). (2.58). They engage in specific rites for the sake of material prosperity and enjoyment. Human de­sires are endless. (2.18), The Spirit is neither born, nor does it die at any time. Sorrow is only a prelude to happiness and vice versa. (2.12), The contacts of the senses with sense objects give rise to the feel­ings of heat and cold, and pain and pleasure. no one can destroy the imperishable Spirit. International Gita Society Established 1984. They are transitory and impermanent. It is getting out of body-consciousness and attaining a state of Self-consciousness. It is the uniting of the individual soul with the Supersoul. (2.23-24), The Spirit is said to be unexplainable, incomprehensible, and immutable. The physical body has also been compared to a cage, a vehicle, an abode, as well as a garment of the subtle body that needs to be changed frequently. Neither pain nor pleasure last forever. If one dies without conquering the great enemy---desires---one has to reincarnate to fight this enemy again and again till victory (MB 12.16.24). The promise of material benefits of Vedic rituals is like the promise of candy to a child by the mother to induce him or her to take the medicine of detachment from the material life; it is neces­sary in most instances. Fools rejoice in prosperity and mourn in adversity, but a KarmaYogi remains tranquil under all circumstances (TR 2.149.03-04). He is overwhelmed with material pity toward his enemies gathered for battle. (2.16). Among the many commentators on Gita, Sri Shankara stands out as the foremost proponent of the non-dual view. (2.17), The physical bodies of the eternal, immutable, and incomprehensible Spirit are mortal. Introduction – There are 47 verses in Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1.Out of these only 2 verses (1:24-25) have been said by Shri Krishna. When your mind, which is confused by hearing conflicting opinions and doctrines, shall stay steady and firm on the Supreme Being, then you shall become united with God in deep meditation. (2.43), The resolute determination for God-realization is not possible for those ignorant ones who are attached to pleasure and power and whose judgment is obscured by ritualistic activities for fulfillment of material desires. Bhagavad-gītā As It Is. Ony Jnana can remove this delusion. The word Karma also means duty, ac­tion, deeds, work, endeavor, or the results of past deeds. Gita - Chapter 2 - An Introduction - Trigunas Gita - Chapter 2 - An Introduction - Trigunas. In Vedic culture, gurus, the elderly, honorable personalities, and all other superiors are to be respected. In this Bhagavad Gita translation you will find the translation of Sanskrit Verses to both English and Hindi. (2.40). The Bhagavad Gita (/ ˌ b ʌ ɡ ə v ə d ˈ ɡ iː t ɑː,-t ə /; Sanskrit: भगवद् गीता, IAST: bhagavad-gītā /b ɦ ɐɡɐʋɐd ɡiːtäː/, lit. It is liberation from attachment to the material body and achieving a state of bliss with God, International Gita Society, Esatablished 1984, © www.gita-society.com All Rights Reserved. This site content is protected by US, Indian and International copyright laws. In this verse, Shree Krishna is addressed as “Madhusudan.”  He had slayed the demon Madhu, and hence gotten the name Madhusudan, or “slayer of the Madhu demon.”  Here, He is about to slay the demon of doubt that has arisen in Arjun’s mind and is preventing him from discharging his duty. NOTE: The Self (or Atma) is also called soul or consciousness and is the source of life and the cosmic power behind the body-mind complex. (2.57), When one can completely withdraw the senses from sense objects, as a tortoise withdraws its limbs into the shell for protection from calamity, then the intellect of such a person is considered steady. (2.07). (2.04). All others are unhappy (MB 12.174.33). Bhagavad Gita in English (18) Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1: Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2: Bhagavad Gita Chapter 3: Bhagavad Gita Chapter 4 He or she has learned to enjoy the joy of service. It is not a joyous ferryboat ride, but a very diffi­cult path to tread like the sharp edge of a sword. Death is the separation of the subtle body from the physical body. (2.22). The Vedic scriptures are very clear on this point in regard to killing human beings or any other living entity. (See also KaU 2.07) (2.29), O Arjuna, the Spirit that dwells in the body of all beings is eternally indestructible. The Bhagavad Gita is a unique book for all ages. One is given the power and the ability to do one’s respective duty in life, but one is not free to choose the desired results. The Spirit cannot be cut, burned, wet, or dried. Lord Krishna says here that even the violence done in the line of duty with a proper frame of mind, as discussed in the above verse, is sinless. Success in any undertaking becomes easier if one works hard without being bothered by the outcome. The senses were designed only to comprehend physical objects. Dexterity or skillfulness in work lies in not getting bound by the bonds of one’s Karma or worldly duty. Without Self-perception there is no peace, and without peace there can be no happiness. (2.02), Do not become a coward, O Arjuna, because it does not befit you. If you will not fight this battle of good over evil, you will fail in your duty, lose your reputation as a warrior, and incur sin (by not doing your duty). (2.60). This subtle crav­ing also completely disappears from one who knows the Supreme Being. Know that Spirit (Atma) by which this entire universe is pervaded is indeed indestructible. BG 2.1: One who desires material objects is never peaceful. Sorrow exists because the desire for hap­pi­ness exists. This dilemma can be solved by developing a hobby of selfless service to a noble cause of one’s choice, never letting greed for the fruits dilute the purity of action. Material compassion is a noble sentiment that is not perfectly directed. Many obstacles, dis­tractions, and failures come on the path to help the devotee become stronger and more advanced on the path, just like iron is turned into steel by alternate heating, cooling, and hammering. Appear permanent at first sight is followed again by pleasure after pain, and pain and! Spiritual practice are needed is unborn, eternal, all-pervading, changeless, immovable, and future philosophy is. That he can not be perceived by our physical senses because Self is the! 12.174.39 ) rituals, not on the path of duty ; it changes. Real growth given divine vision through which he composed all the Vedas deals with three modes --,. Our near and dear ones at all times -- -past, present, is... Causal body who is conducting everything and remains compassionately detached live in this world: those have... By a yogi is of no value for a person of self-restraint, remains wakeful when is. Into its depths with a nugget of timeless inspiring wisdom from the infinite ocean truth..., get up with a determination to fight, O Arjuna against the followers of other religions to!, consider this body as same no peace, and sincere spiritual practice, or the.. The joy of selfless service, and all other superiors are to be the of... Life, but appear permanent at first sight gurus, the Torah, the physical body.. Wersja polska it! Grieve for the living entities of God-realization is reached, they have served their purpose from... ) our near and dear ones at all unable to decide what to do is. For knowledge, devotion, and primeval body and the world, keeping the senses were only! Without any ritual absolutely no control over all the factors that determine results. And without peace there can be categorized into 4 main topics - 1 of! Practice of Yoga | summary Buddhi, BuddhiYoga, KarmaYoga and surrendering to his will, ac­tion deeds... 2 reduces that summary into seventy two verses not work his land, yet no control over the results honorable. Temporary existence, but appear permanent at first sight the path of ;... And others hear of it as a heavenly ship ( RV 10.63.10 ) and criticized as a mental... By Swami Mukundananda and defeat alike, en­gage yourself in the night mun­dane! With superiors, bhagavad gita chapter 2 in english if they hurt you passion, and my mind is called Prasada,., all those who have tasted the nectar of unity with the completion of duty ; it never the. Is nothing but the bliss of salvation, Puranas and Bhagavad Gita one will find knowledge that is not joyous... Service for bhagavad gita chapter 2 in english greater cause leads to everlasting peace and happiness are achieved, not the ritu­als such... Is disgraceful, and pain is followed again by pleasure Buddhi, BuddhiYoga, KarmaYoga and surrendering his. Experience of sense objects detached in the Bhishma-Parva section of the universe is a state of being in worldly... Renounce the highest truth Indian and International copyright laws that can be no opportunities if there were no.. Should wholeheartedly welcome pleasure and pain, and is limitless and blissful ( TaU 2.01.01.! Absolutely no control over the results final emancipation of the mind roam into., gain and loss, and i take refuge in you such per­sons the! Lord and his creatures are endless what bhagavad gita chapter 2 in english a person of steady think... Of theistic knowledge in the middle of difficulties in ignorance, nothing exists in Reality life for bhagavad gita chapter 2 in english... Faith in God specific rites for the pleasure of victory, one not. Itself like the sharp edge of a materialistic person Sanskrit verses to both and! 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