That is a complicated question. The other literature work that is generally considered among the oldest in the world (and possibly the world’s oldest surviving written text) pertains to the Instructions of Shuruppak. One of the oldest manuscripts of the Quran in the world, the codex was housed in the Mosque of Amr ibn al-As in Egypt until the Napoleonic expedition of 1798, when a few folios were brought back to Paris. The whole text includes a little less than half of the Quran, and was produced by five scribes in Hijazi script. Now, a historian claims to have found the oldest known draft of the Christian text, written in messy script, in an obscure archive at the University of Cambridge. When: c.3400 – 1 AD. The Ashkar-Gilson Manuscript falls in between the early scrolls and the later codices. Sumerian. Where: Southern Mesopotamia Sumerian is the oldest attested written language. Jerusalem archaeologists are excited by a new find that is believed to be the earliest written text that has ever been discovered in this ancient city. Forget the Greeks—Is This the World's Oldest Anatomical Text? It was used by the people of Sumer in Southern Mesopotamia and is an isolate language, which means it’s not related to any other existing language. The Dead Sea Scrolls are fragments of the oldest Hebrew Bible text, while the Aleppo Codex and the Leningrad Codex are the oldest complete versions, written by the Masoretes in the 10th and 11th centuries, respectively. A medieval Jewish manuscript bearing the oldest known example of the Yiddish language is making a rare public appearance at Israel’s National Library in Jerusalem ahead of the High Holidays. The world's oldest undeciphered writing system, which has so far defied attempts to uncover its 5,000-year-old secrets, could be about to be decoded by Oxford University academics. As with the wheel, cities and law codes, the earliest examples of written literature appear to have originated in ancient Mesopotamia. According to Harald Haarmann, a German linguistic and cultural scientist says the Danube script predates the Sumerian writings and should be considered as the oldest writing in the world.The inscriptions in tablets found from the Danube Valley Civilization date back to at least 5,500 BC, and the mysterious symbols that make up the written language are yet to be deciphered. If confirmed as a form of written communication, the Turkish pictographs could replace Sumerian—a language used in Southern Mesopotamia in 3100BC—as the world’s oldest … Written in Persian, Akkadian, and an Iranian language known as Elamite, it recorded the feats of the Achaemenid king Darius the Great (r. 521–486 B.C.). The inscription is engraved on a … But they were dismissed as forgeries, and he committed suicide. The Five Oldest Written Languages 1. ... tomb in Southern China may well be the world’s oldest anatomical atlas. Author plays Indiana Jones on the trail of ‘the World’s Oldest Bible’ Author plays Indiana Jones on the trail of ‘the World’s Oldest Bible’ In 1883, Moses Shapira claimed to have found ancient parchments with the text of Deuteronomy in the Judean Desert.